Cabinet ministers are split over suggestions for easing the cost of living crisis at no cost to the government, which include demands to scrap green levies and a plan to lower MOT test intervals from one to two years.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak made clear to ministers at a brainstorming session that there was no money available to fund schemes to help hard-pressed households.
There were clashes around the table as policing minister Kit Malthouse called for tax cuts to offset the hurt from rising prices, and business secretary Kwasi Kwarteng resisted demands from Jacob Rees-Mogg to scrap the levies that add £150 a year to the average energy bill.
With Conservatives taking a battering in the run-up to the local elections over the impact of soaring inflation, Boris Johnson called on every minister to produce ideas to help put money back in voters’ purses and wallets.
He was said to be particularly keen to cut the cost of childcare, where prices have risen by a third in the past decade from around £102 in 2012 to £137 now for an average part-time weekly nursery place for a child under two.
Ideas pitched to the meeting are understood have included a proposal first floated last autumn, but so far not taken up, to increase the maximum number of children that can be looked after by each carer in a nursery.
Meanwhile, transport secretary Grant Shapps is understood to have proposed increasing the length of time between MOT roadworthiness tests from one to two years, effectively halving their cost.
Another idea under consideration is a cut in tariffs on imports of food that cannot be grown in the UK, such as rice.
The most promising ideas will be selected for possible implementation at a meeting “in the next couple of weeks”, to be chaired by the PM and attended by his deputy, Dominic Raab, Mr Sunak, and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster Steve Barclay.
But the mooted cost-of-living package will not be ready in time to feature in the Queen’s speech on 10 May, when Mr Johnson will set out his legislative plans for the coming year.
Speaking to his cabinet, Mr Johnson accepted that Britons were facing “real pressures”, but blamed external factors such as Russian president Vladimir Putin’s “crazed malevolence” in Ukraine and recent Covid-related lockdowns in China.
Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said Britain needs “an emergency Budget, not a cabinet meeting”.
“The cost of living crisis has been staring us in the face for six months now, and it’s a real problem for people struggling with their bills – and the cabinet meeting this morning isn’t going to change any of that,” he said.
Mr Johnson’s official spokesperson refused to discuss individual proposals, only telling reporters that there was “a need to balance the amount of regulation and bureaucracy so that it is sufficient to ensure public safety is protected but is not placing an undue burden on the public”.
But the National Day Nurseries Association (NDNA) said that “tinkering” with the adult-child ratio – which varies according to age, from 1:3 for under-twos to at least 1:8 for over-threes – was “shortsighted” and would not achieve the desired outcome.
NDNA chief executive Purnima Tanuku said: “We risk putting additional pressure on an overworked workforce while undermining efforts to give children the best start in life.”
After years of government underfunding for childcare places, around 95 per cent of nurseries say that they are not covering their costs, and 85 per cent are operating at a loss or just breaking even, she said.
“We want to see a government committed to levelling-up opportunities for all children by investing in their early years, where we know it makes the biggest impact for their life chances,” said Ms Tanuku. “Instead we seem to be talking about a race to the bottom that won’t help children or families but will worsen the workforce crisis we have in early years.”
Labour education spokesperson Bridget Phillipson said the government had made high-quality childcare “increasingly unavailable and unaffordable”.